?????
?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????



??>>????>>????>>????

?????????


2017-6-22 1:56

?????????{???.?}1312.0937.027,Q847.884.000??.?.?.?.?.????.?.?.?.?.????.?.?.????.?.?.????.?.?.??,??????,???????yh ???:??????:???????????????????????????????"??"??????? ??????(?)

?????3?9??(????????)????????9???«2016????????»«2016?????????»,???????“??????”?

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????1.6???

?????,????3?3?,???????«2016???????»,???“?????”??,??“????”,??????????????????,?????????????????????????,2016???????????????????????“????”?????????,???????????,??????????????,????“????”???????????????“??”?

?????????????????????:

——????????,????????

——????????,???????????????30???70%??????????10%?????,??????????????

——????????,?????????

——?????????????????,??????????????????????,680??10-17?????????????????????????,????500?????????

——????????????,????????????????????????????

——????????????,????????????????????????«??????????????»«?????????????»«??????»?«???????»??????????

????:

2016????????

???????

????????

2017?3?

? ?

??

??????????????

??????????

??????????????

??????????

?????????????????

??????????

??

????3?3?,???????«2016???????»,???“?????”??,??“????”,??????????????? ???,???????????????????????????,2016??????????????????,2016????????????? ??????????“????”?????????,???????????,??????????????,????“????”????????? ??????“??”?

——????????,?????????????????58125?,????????385?,???15039???,30589?? ?,?????(?1)??????????,?10?????693????,(?2)?????????7000?,??????????(?3)

——????????,?????????????2016?,????????????1983????????(?4)??30??? 70%??????????10%?????,(?5)??????????????4500?????????,(?6)?????????????? ???(?7)????20???????????,?????78.9????78.8??(?8)

——????????,?????????2016?,???????????????????????????????????,????? ??????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,?? ?????“????”?(?9)

——?????????????????,???????????????????????,???????????????18%,(? 10)??????????????????????????(?11)???????????,???????????????????,(?12)? ????????????????????(?13)?????????,680??10-17??????????????(?14)???????? ???,????500?????????(?15)

——????????????,???????2014?8?8??2016?12?19?,???????7258?,?????5828 ?,??733???????,???4568-6127??????(?16)2009???,????????????????????????? 800??????(?17)?????????????????????

——????????????,????????????????????????«??????????????»«??????????? ??»«??????»?«???????»???????????2016??71????????,?????“???”“??????????” “????????????????”“??????”????????????????(?18)

(?1)???????????(http://www.gunviolencearchive.org),2016?12?31??

(?2)??????????(https://www.statista.com),2016?4??

(?3)«??????»??(http://harvardlawreview.org),2017?1?5??

(?4)?????????(http://www.gallup.com),2016?9?20??

(?5)«???»??(http://www.newser.com),2016?12?8??

(?6)??«????»??(http://www.dailymail.co.uk),2016?9?10??

(?7)??«????»??(http://www.dailymail.co.uk),2016?9?10??

(?8)«????»??(http://www.usnews.com),2016?12?8??

(?9)?????(http://www.un.org),2016?8?18??

(?10)«??????»??(http://www.nydailynews.com),2016?4?11??

(?11)«????????»??(http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com),2016?4?10??

(?12)«????»??(http://www.usatoday.com),2016?7?7??

(?13)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?3?5??

(?14)?????????(http://www.urban.org),2016?9?11??

(?15)«????????»??(http://www.csmonitor.com),2016?6?15??

(?16)??????????(http://airwars.org),2016?12?19??

(?17)??«??»??(https://www.theguardian.com),2016?7?1??

(?18)?????(http://www.un.org),2016?12?19??

??????????????

2016?,??????????,????????,?????????,?????????????????,???????????

????????????????2016?9?26??????????,?2015???????,71.5%?????40.8%??? ??24.2%???????????????(?19)?????????????«2016?????????»,?????????58125?, ????????385?,???15039???,30589????(?20) 2016?6?12?,?????????????????,??50???,53???,???????????????????(?21)

??????????????2016????«2015???????»,2015??????1197704?????,?2014??? 3.9%;??????????372.6?,?2014???3.1%???????????,????????63.8%,????27.3%,?? ??7.5%,????1.3%????7993631?????,????????(?????)????????143????(?22)????? ???????????,2015???50???????????????15696??(?23)??«????»??2016?7?26?? ?,2016??????51??????????????15%,??????????????48%?(?24)??????????·????? ?,????“?????????????????”,(?25)????????“????????????”?(?26)????????????? ??2016????«2015???????»,2015???????????????????????????????????????????? 5850?,?????????????6885??(?27)

????????????????2015?????????,???????????10797088???,?????????3363 ??(?28)???????????????????2015?6?1??2016?3?31?,???1348??????????,?????? 135??(?29)2016???963???????(?30)«?????»??,??2016?7?8?,????????509??,??? 124?????????(?31)????????????????????,?????1000????????,?2005??2016???77 ?????????????????????(?32)

?????????????????2016?4??????,???????????????,???????693????,2014?? ????????220??,(?33)?????????????7000??,??????????(?34)?????????????1.3? ?,????2.8??,??????????????????,????????????(?35)«?????»??2016?11?28???,? ??????????????????????????????????(?36)«?????»??2016?12?19???,?????????? ?????,????????????????,?????20???????(?37)«?????»??2016?12?2???,???????? ???????“???”???????????(?38)??????????????????????2016?12??????,2001?? 2014?,???50785????????2014???????????????3927???????,?????????2001?????? ?????????????????????,2014????372?,?2013???13%?????,????????????? ?,2013-2014?????30%?(?39)

(?19)?????????(https://ucr.fbi.gov),2016?9?26??

(?20)???????????(http://www.gunviolencearchive.org),2016?12?31??

(?21)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?6?12??

(?22)«2015???????»(https://ucr.fbi.gov)?

(?23)??????????(https://www.statista.com)?

(?24)??«????»??(http://www.dailymail.co.uk),2016?7?26??

(?25)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?5?14??

(?26)??«????»??(http://www.dailymail.co.uk),2016?7?26??

(?27)?????????(https://www.fbi.gov),2016?11?14??

(?28)?????????(https://ucr.fbi.gov)?

(?29)?????????(http://www.bjs.gov),2016?12?22??

(?30)«?????»“??????”??(https://github.com/washingtonpost/data-police-shootings)?

(?31)??????????(https://www.statista.com),2016?7?8??

(?32)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?10?19??

(?33)??????????(https://www.statista.com),2016?4??

(?34)«??????»??(http://harvardlawreview.org),2017?1?5??

(?35)??????????(http://apr.org),2016?12?16??

(?36)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?11?28??

(?37)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?12?19??

(?38)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?12?2??

(?39)?????????(http://www.bjs.gov)2016?12??

??????????

2016?,???????????????,????????,????,????????,?????????????,???????????????

????????2016??????????55%,?20?????(?40)???????????????????????????? ?????????????,?????????????????????????????????,???????????????(?41)

?????????2016?????????????????????,??68???,???????????(60???)?????? ??????,?????????????42.6???,?2012???4.1????(?42)«?????»????,??2016?11??, ??????????????????????14??9.32????(?43)???????????,2016???????“???????? ?”,?“????????”?(?44)?????????????????,???????????

???????????2016??????????????????????????,????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????,??100?????57???????????,2?????????? ???????????10?19????????,55%???????????????????,????????????????9?,????? ???????61%?(?45)

(?40)?????????(http://edition.cnn.com),2016?11?30??

(?41)«?????»??(http://www.huffingtonpost.com),2016?12?6??

(?42)???????????(http://www.cbsnews.com),2016?11?8??

(?43)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?12?9??

(?44)?????????(http://us.cnn.com),2016?11?12??

(?45)?????????(http://poll.qu.edu),2016?10?19??

??????????«2016????????»«2016?????????»

??????????????

2016?,????????????,??????????1983???????,(?46)????????,?????????????,(?47)?????????????

???????????«??»??2016?5?17???,??500?????????????????????340?,???? 2015??????????,?50?????????(?48)«????»????,??????,1978??2015?,?????350?? ?????????????940%,?????????10%?(?49)«?????»????,???30??,??70%?????????? 10%???????«??????»?????????????????“????”?(?50)

?????????«?????»??,1940????????,?92%???30??????????30?????;??1980?? ????,???????51%?(?51)???????????,????????????????????,?2000-2008????? 61%,?2016????51%,???2500??????????????(?52)??????2016?5?11????????,??25% ?????,???????????(?53)2000-2014??,????????????????,?53?????????????????? ??(?54)????????????1500?????????,62%???????????????????(?55)

????????????????7???????1?????????,??4500??????????(?56)?????????? ?,49%??????????????,42%?????????????????(?57)2015???,???????50??,(?58)?? ???????????????????????6???????(?59)???????????????????????????????15??? ????????????????(?60)

??????????????????2016?12?8??????,2015????????20???????????,???2014 ??76.5????76.3?,????81.3????81.2?,???????78.9????78.8??(?61)????,?????? ?????????????????,2013?????41149???,?1999?????41%,??????????????,??????? ???(?62)2015?,???????,???30????????(?63)

?????????????????????,?1990???,25??59?????????????????????????????? ????,??????????????????1980??4.4%???2015??6.8%????????????????????????(? 64)«??????»??2016?12?6???,??????????????????????????????????????,??????? ???????????????10??(?65)

?????????????«??????»2016?12?25???,???????????????1136849?,??????26 ?????????????????(?66)????????2016?9?17????????,????????????????,??22.4% ??????????(?67)?????????2016?12?12???,???16????????????????????,9??????? ???????,??25???????375000????????????9000?????????,??66.7%????????????? (?68)

(?46)?????????(http://www.gallup.com),2016?9?20??

(?47)?????(http://bigstory.ap.org),2016?5?12??

(?48)??«??»??(https://www.theguardian.com),2016?5?17??

(?49)«????»??(http://www.businessinsider.com),2016?8?15??

(?50)«???»??(http://www.newser.com),2016?12?8??

(?51)«???»??(http://www.newser.com),2016?12?8??

(?52)?????????(http://www.gallup.com),2016?9?20??

(?53)?????(http://bigstory.ap.org),2016?5?12??

(?54)????????(http://www.pewsocialtrends.org),2016?5?11??

(?55)????????(http://www.pewsocialtrends.org),2016?2?4??

(?56)??«????»??(http://www.dailymail.co.uk),2016?9?10??

(?57)????????(http://www.pewsocialtrends.org),2016?2?4??

(?58) ??«???»????(http://www.theatlantic.com),2016?2?11??

(?59)«????»??(http://www.usatoday.com),2016?10?16??

(?60)??«??»??(https://www.theguardian.com),2016?11?21??

(?61)????????(http://www.bbc.co.uk),2016?12?8??

(?62)?????????(https://www.bls.gov),2016?12??

(?63)????????(http://www.bbc.co.uk),2016?4?22??

(?64)?????????(http://www.gallup.com),2016?12?15??

(?65)«??????»??(http://www.chicagotribune.com),2016?12?6??

(?66)«??????»,2016?12?25??

(?67)«??????»??(https://singlemotherguide.com),2016?9?17??

(?68)?????????(http://edition.cnn.com),2016?12?12??

??????????

2016?,??????????,???????????????,???????????????,?????????????????? ????,????????????????????????«????»??2016?7?14???,????,52%?????????????? ????“????”?«????»????????????????,69%??????????????????60%?????????????? ?????,???????????????38%?(?69)

????????????????“??????”?????,2016??????????303????????(?70)2016?7? 5?,37????????????????????????????????,????????????,?????????????????(? 71)2016?7?6?,?????????????????????,???????????????????????????????,????? ??“?????????”,??“???????????????”???????????????????????,??????????????? ?????(?72)???????????????,????????????2016?7?7?,?????????????????????,?? ???????????5???,??9???,???????????????????????????????(?73)«?????»??? 2015?????????????,??????????????????2.5????????????,???????????????????? 5??(?74)2016?2?17?,????????????????????????????????????,???????????????? ?,???????????????????,??????????????????????,???????,??????????????????? ?????«??????»?????,?????????????????????????????????,?????????????????(? 75)«?????»??2016?12?6???,28??????????????????????????,???????????,?????? ??,???????(?76)??????????,2016?9?16?,???????????,??????????????????????? ????????????,???????????????????(?77)

???????????????«????»??2016?8?10???,???????????“???”????,????????? ??????????????????????????,?????????,???????????????????????????,???“?? ?”????,??????????????????????,??????????????????(?78)??????????????,64%? ????????????????,81%???????????????????????????(?79)«?????»??2016?8?31?? ?,????????????????18?????????????????,?????????????????,????????????2016 ?8??,?????????????????????,????????????????1??,??18???????????????:“???? ???????????????????????:??????1???”(?80)

??????????????????????????????????,2016?12???????????????,????????? ???35%???(?81)«??????»??2016?9?21???,????????????????40?????????2015???? ??????????????26.7%????????25.22??,????????????18.49???(?82)?????????? 1979???????22%,2015????31%;???????????6%????19%?(?83)?????????????,????? ??1??,?????????54??;??40?????????????,???????????????87.7????100????(? 84)

???????????????????????2013??2014???????,?????????280????,?110????? ??????????????????????????3.8??(?85)«????»??2016?10?5???,??????????????? ???????“????”,?????????????????????????????????,????????????;??????????? ???????,???????“????”???????????????????“????”,??????????????????,?????? ?????????????????????,??????????????“?????”?(?86)

?????????????«?????»??2016?12?9???,82%????????????????,??57%??????? ??????,?????????????7?????????????????,??????????????????(?87)

????????????????????????????????2016?1?9??29?????????,???????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????:“???????,???????????????????????????????? ?????????,????????????????????????????????????????????????????????”(?88) ????????????,??????????????????,????????????????,??????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,??????? ????????“????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,?? ???????????”???,??????????????,??????????????????????????????????????5.9 ?,????????????????2.1?,???????????14%,????????????36%?????????????????,? ??????????????????????????,????????????,?????????????????????????????26% (??1000?)??????????,12%??????????????2015???50????????,?????40.4%?(?89)

(?69)«????»??(http://www.usatoday.com),2016?7?14??

(?70)“??????”??(http://mappingpoliceviolence.org),2016?12??

(?71)?????????(http://edition.cnn.com),2016?7?8??

(?72)????????(http://www.bbc.com),2017?7?7??

(?73)«????»??(http://www.usatoday.com),2016?7?14??

(?74)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?12?6??

(?75)«??????»??(http://www.nydailynews.com),2016?2?19??

(?76)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?12?6??

(?77)???????????(http://www.cbsnews.com),2016?9?19??

(?78)«????»??(http://www.nytimes.com),2016?8?10??

(?79)???????????(http://www.prri.org),2016?8?7??

(?80)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?8?31??

(?81)?????????(http://www.bls.gov),2017?1?6??

(?82)«??????»??(http://www.nydailynews.com),2016?9?21??

(?83)??«??»??(https://www.theguardian.com),2016?9?20??

(?84)??«??»??(https://www.theguardian.com),2016?8?16??

(?85)«??????»??(http://www.ibtimes.com),2016?8?25??

(?86)«????»??(http://www.usatoday.com),2016?10?5??

(?87)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?12?9??

(?88)?????(http://www.un.org),2016?1?29??

(?89)?????(http://www.un.org),2016?8?18??

?????????????????

2016?,?????????????????,??????????,???????????,?????????,????????????

?????????2016?,??????????,??????????????????(?90)??????????????? 18%;(?91)?????????????,?????????????????,???????????????3.7????(?92)???? ?????????????????,??????????????????????????(?93)

??????????????«????»??2016?7?7???,?????????????????????(?94)??????? ???????????,????????????????«????»??2016?7?14???,??????????????????????? ??22????????,???????????????????(?95)?????,???????????????????,????????? ?????????????«????»??2016?10?28???,???????????????????,???????????????? ?,???????????????????,????????????????????????????????????????(?96)«???? ?»2016?10?28???,???12???,????????????????,?????????????(?97)???????????? ????,??2016?2?26?,???167????????????????????«?????»????????2015????????, ??????????????????????(?98)?????????????200???????,?32.6%??????????????? ?????????(?99)???????????????,??????2015?????65?????????????????????,??? ??????(?100)«??????»??2016?9?21???,??16?????????????,????????????,?????? ????????????(?101)

????????????????????2016?9?11????????,680??10-17??????????????????? ????????????????????,???????????????????,??????????????????,???????????? ??????????(?102)???????????,59%?????????????????(?103)?????2016?10?14?? ?,??2016????????????????????????????(?104)?«????»??10?5????????,???19??? ???16?????????????(?105)?????14000????????????,????????????????????????? ???,??????????????????(?106)

????????«????????»??2016?6?15???,????????????????500????????,??90%? ???????????????????????????,???????,????????????(?107)?????????????????? ??????????,?65????????,???????????80%,75??79????????????3??(?108)

??????????

2016?,????????????,??????????,???????????????,??????????????????

???????????????????????,2014?8?8??2016?12?19?,???????7258?,????? 5828?,??733????????,???4568-6127??????(?109)«?????»??2016?12?2???,?????? ??????????????????15?????,????????(?110) 2009???,?????????????????????????800?????(?111)

???????????????????????????2009?????????????????,???2016?12?4?,??? 59????????(?112)«?????»2016?6?14???,?????????“??????”??????????,?????50? ?????????????,????????????“??”???,?????????????,???????,?????????(?113)? ????«??????»?????,??????????“???”“?????????”“????”“????”????????2016?11 ?,???????????????????,????????????????????????????,??????????????(?114)

??????????????????????????????????????????????2013?6?????????“??”?? ??,???????????????????????????????????,????????,???????2016?,??????????? ??????,???????????????Instagram????????????????(?115)??????????????????? ??????????????,??????????,??????????????????????38??????????(?116)?????? ??????????“Titanpointe”?????,??????????????????,?????????????????,????? ?????Skype?????????????????????????????????????????

(?90)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?3?8??

(?91)«??????»??(http://www.nydailynews.com),2016?4?11??

(?92)«????????»??(http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com),2016?8?14??

(?93)«????????»??(http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com),2016?4?10??

(?94)«????»??(http://www.usatoday.com),2016?7?7??

(?95)«????»??(http://nypost.com),2016?7?14??

(?96)«????»??(http://www.nytimes.com),2016?10?28??

(?97)«?????»??(http://www.latimes.com),2016?10?28??

(?98)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?3?5??

(?99)«?????»??(http://www.latimes.com),2016?3?2??

(?100)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?1?17??

(?101)«??????»??(http://www.miamiherald.com),2016?9?21??

(?102)?????????(http://www.urban.org),2016?9?11??

(?103)????????(http://www.pewsocialtrends.org),2016?2?4??

(?104)?????(http://bigstory.ap.org),2016?10?14??

(?105)«????»??(http://www.usatoday.com),2016?10?5??

(?106)«????????»??(http://www.mystatesman.com),2016?10?4??

(?107)«????????»??(http://www.csmonitor.com),2016?6?15??

(?108)«??????»??(http://www.chicagotribune.com),2016?7?10??

(?109)??????????(http://airwars.org),2016?12?19??

(?110)«?????»??(http://www.latimes.com),2016?12?2??

(?111)??«??»??(https://www.theguardian.com),2016?7?1??

(?112)????????? (http://www.cnn.com),2016?12?4??

(?113)«?????»??(https://www.washingtonpost.com),2016?6?14??

(?114)«????????»??(http://www.csmonitor.com),2016?11?15??

(?115) Intercept??(https://theintercept.com),2016?4?15??

(?116)??«???»??(http://www.independent.co.uk),2016?11?17??

2016?????????

??

4? «?????»????,27??????????·??·????????????????????

5? «?????»????,????????28??????????·??????????????????????????

12? «?????»????,49??????????·???????????????????????

14? «?????»????,39?????????·????????????????????????????

16? «?????»????,?????25??????·??·???????????????????

17? «?????»????,??????2015?????65??????????????????????,???????????????3??

27? «?????»????,?????31?????????·???????????????????????????

29? ???????????,1?9??29?,?????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????,???????????,????????? ?????????????????????????????????????,??????????????????,??????????????? ?,?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????,???????????????“?????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????,?????????????”????,?????????????????,???????? ???????????????????????????????5.9?????????????14%,????????????36%?????? ???????????,???????????????????????????,????????????,??????????????????? ??????????26%(??1000?)??????????,12%??????????????2015???50????????,???? ?40.4%??????????????:“???????,?????????????????,??????????????????????? ?,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????”

30? «?????»????,???????38?????????·??????????????????????????

31? «?????»????,37?????????·????????????????????????????????????????

??

1? «?????»????,36?????????·????????????????????

4? «?????»????,?????36??????????·?????????????????????

??,????????2015?12?8-13??1500????????????????,??62%???????????????? ??????,59%??????????????????????,66%????????????????????,49%???????????? ????????,62%?????????????????????

5? ??«??»????,??????????10?????,?????????????200??????????????????? ??????????????????,???????????????????????????????,??????????????????,?? ??????????????????????????????1800???????,????????????????????

8? «?????»????,?????17????????·??????????????????

9? «?????»????,?????22??????????·??????????????????????????

11? ?????????????,???????????????????2015????????50???????????????? ???????????,??????????????????????,65????????????14?,??:“?????????????,? ???????????????????,???????,???????????”???????,2015?11?20?,???????????? ?????????

??,«?????»????,30???????????·?????????????????????

13? «?????»????,?????24????????·????????????????????

17? «??????»????,????????????????·??????,??????????,??????????????? ??????650?????????,???????????????????,???????,???????????,3???????????, ?????????????,????????????????????????????,?????(2?16?),????????????? ?,26?????????????????????????????,????????“?????”??????????,???????????? ??,??2000???????????,????????????,???????????????????????????????????

21? «?????»????,32??????????·??????????????????????????????????????????????????????·???????,????????????

23? «?????»????,48???????????·?????????????????????

??,??«????»????,2?18?,?????59???????·??????????????18??????????(?), ????????????????????,??????????,???????????????????????,???????????,???? ????“????”?

24? «?????»????,27??????????·??????????????????

??,«?????»????,26????????????·??????????????????????????

??,«?????»????,?????21???????????·???????????????????

25? «?????»????,???????56?????????·???????????????????????

??

2? «?????»????,??3??,???????????100???????????????????????????????, ?????????????????11????3000???38????????????????,???????????,??????????? ???????,???????????????????65?????????????????????,????????????????????? ??????????????????????200?????????,32.6%????????????????????????

3? «?????»????,27???????????·?????????????????????????

4? ??«??»????,???????2????242000?????,???????1????0.1%?????????????,???????????????8.8%?5.4%?

5? «?????»????,2015?????????????????????,20%???????????????????

8? «?????»????,2016?,??????????,????????????????,?????????????????? ??2058???????????????,??????????????40000??,????????????56999???

10? «?????»????,23?????????·?????????????????????

12? «?????»????,?????37????????·?????????????????????????

13? «?????»????,?????16????????·??·???????????????????

16? «?????»????,?????23???????????·??·??????????????????????????????????

27? «?????»????,???????27?????????·?????????????????

30? ??????????,??2016?3?20?,???????575?????125?????

??

1? «?????»????,??????????????????????????????????????22???????????? ?,1980???????????13%,?2014????57%,????26%????????,?2025?,??????????????? ?????????????????????????1990?,??????????????,??????????,???2014?,???? 70%,????11%?????,???????????????????????????,?????????????????????,????? ??????????

5? «?????»????,?????44????????·???????????????????????

6? «??????»????,?????????????????????,????????????????,??????????? ???????????????32??????,??????????,????????«??????»,??????????????????? ?,???????????????????????,????????????????????,?????????????????????,??? ??“????????”,??????????????,??????????

10? «????????»????, ?????????????????,??????,???????????????????,??????????????????????????? ????????????????,???????,60%?????????????????,?????????????????????????? ?????????,2014?,???????????????,??????43??,???????50??,???????63??,????? ?72???

11? «??????»????,??????????????????,???,??????????????????????????? ????????????,?????????????18%,???????????????6%,???????????????7%?

13? «?????»????,35??????????·????????????????????????

15? «?????»????,??????38??????????·?????????????????????

18? «????»????,“????”??4?11????????140??????????,??“??????????????? ?????,?????????????????????????????????”?“?????”??4?16??????????,???«??? ???»????????????????????900??????

22? ???????????,???????????????,?????8????????????????,?????

23? «?????»????,21???????????·???????????????????

29? «????»????,4?28?,?????????????«????»?????????????????????????,?????????,????????

??

8? ??????????,2016?4?,3???????????????????????????????????????????? ???,?????????????????,???????1000????????,??????????????????????

11? ???????????,2016???????????????????,2000??2014?,?229?????????,?203???????????????????????????4%,?53??????????6%????

12? ????????????,?????????????????????????????????????:“??????????? ????????,????????????”????,??25%?????,??????????????????????????,?????? ??

14? «?????»????,2016??????,??20???????????????,?2015??????????,2016??????????????????????????,????“???????????????”?

17? ??«??»????,??????????????????,500????????????????1240???,?????? ??340???????????????,??????????????2015???????36900???????????,???????? 50?????

19? «?????»????,?????30???????????·???????????????????

??,«?????»????,?????29?????????·???-????????????????????

21? ??«??»????,5?20?,????????????????????,???????,??3???,11???,???? ???????????????????????????????????2016?????200?????????,700????????

22? «????????»????,??21???????????????????????????????????,??????????????,????????????22????????????????,??????????

??,«?????»????,?????27?????????·??·?????????????????????

??,«?????»????,?????22?????????·????????????????????????

25? «?????»????,24?????????·???-????????????????????????

??

7? «?????»????,21??????????·????????????????????????????

12? «?????»????,12???,??????????????????????,??50?,??53???????????????????????

14? «?????»????,??????????50?????,???“9·11”???????????????????????? ????????????????????????????“??”???,???????????,????????????“??”???????? ????,“??????????,??????????”,????????,???“????????????”?????,?????“???”, ????“????????,????……??????????”????????????????????,?“??”??,????????,??? ??????,???????????,????????2004?????????????????????????“??”??????“????? ??,?????????”,???????????????,“????????????,??????????????????????????,? ?????????”

15? «????????»????,?????????????,???500???????,??90%????????,????????????????????????????????????

16? «?????»????,30???????????·???????????????????

22? ????????,????????2015?10??????????????????????????????????????? ??????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????,?????????? ????????????????????????????,??????????????????

??,«?????»????,20??????????·?????????????????

??,«?????»????,?????22??????????·??·??????????????????

25? «?????»????,?????36??????????·????????????????????

27? ??????????,????????????????????????????????????88%?????53%???? ?,????????????????????????;43%?????11%?????????????????????????????????? ????????42????,???????????????????????????41????,??????????????????????? ?34????,???????????????????32????,??????????????????????28????,????????? ???????????23????????????????????????????,70%?????36%??????????,75%????? 53%???????????,66%?????45%?????????????71%?????????????????????????????? ?,???5%????????????????????????

??

7? ????????????,?????????????????????????????????????,7?7?,??????? ?,???????????????,?????????????????????????,????????,??????????????????? ????,??????????????,????????????200????????,????????????????????,??????? ?????????,“????????????????????”?????????,???????“?????????”,??“???????? ???????”?????,2015????????1152?,??30%????????,97%???????????????????

8? «?????»????,??2016?????509???????????123????????????????????,??? ?????????13%??509?????,???124??????????????22????,????????????

10? «??????»????,??????????????,????????????????????????????,65???? ????????????????????80%,75??79???????????????????3????????????,?40?????? ????,?????????????430480???????????????????,?????????

14? «????»????,??????????????????????????,??????7?7???,????·??????? ?????????5?????,??9????????????????????????«????»????????????????,?69%?? ????????????,???????????31???????«????»??,???1992????????·?????????????? ?????

??,«????»????,????????????????????????22??????????????????????

20? ??«??»????,????????????????????73?????,????35????20???,?????????,???????

26? ??«????»????,??????????????2016???????,2016????????????????2015 ??????2%??????????????,?????????????307?,????15%???????????316?,??48%?

27? «?????»????,?????19?????????·??????????????????????????????????????

??

7? ???????????????,?????????????????????,???64%?????17%???????????? ??????????????65%????????????????????,???15%???????????81%?????34%?????, ?????????????????????????????

10? «????»????,??????????“???????”,???????????????????????????????? ??????????????????,????????????????,?????????????????????,????????????? ?,???????????????????????,?????????????????????????,???????????????????? ????,2008??2011?,??????????????????????????????????8???,???????????????? ???-??????????2050????2015?6?,?????????????,???????????????????????????? ??9??

14? «????????»????,???????????????????,?????????????????62???1??,?? ????????????37380????????????,???????????????????,?????????????????? 21400???

15? «?????»????,??????29?????????·?????????????????????

16? ??«??»????,???????????????,???????1??,?????????54??????40?????? ?????????,??????????????87.7????100?????????,?????????????,????????????? ?????????????:“?????????????????,????????????,?????????100????”????????? ??5?????????????100???:???????159.520???,?????123.160???,??????114.040?? ?,???????113.488???,???????104.696???,??????102.244????

??,«?????»????,?????25?????????·????·????????????????????

17? «?????»????,???????27?????????·????·??????????????????????

25? «??????»????,????????????????????????????????????????8?24?????? ?????????,??????????????????????????????(???????????????????????)??????? ??2014-2015?????????,??????????????????????????????13??

30? «????????»????,????????????????,??10??????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,??????? ????????????????????

??

11? ????????????,???,???680?10-17??????????????,??????????????????? ????290?????????????,??400?????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????,??????,???????,???????????????

12? «?????»????,25????????????·??????????????????????????

16? ?“??????”???????,??9?16?,???2016????????263????????

19? ??«??»????,??????,?????5500????2.65??????,??770?????“????”,????8-140????1994???,?????????1000???????????????30000???

??,?????????????,?????????????????????????,??????????????,??????????????

20? ?????????????,????????????????????2000-2008????61%???????51%,?? ?2500??????????????????????????,???????????????2010????????48%??,???1983 ?????????????

21? ??«??»????,9?20?,???????????,43???????????????????????????????? ??????????????????,?????????????,??????????????,??????????,????????????? ?????????????????????????????,??????????,???????????,???,???“???????,??? ?????????????,????????”???????????????,?????????,????:“??????????”“????, ????!”?????????“???????”????,????????“?????(???)”?????????????????,????? ???????

??,«??????»????,??16?????,2015?2?,????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????,?????????????????????????,????????????

26? ?????????2015?????,2015?????1197704?????,??????????372.6?,?2014 ??????4%?3.1%?????????????????????63.8%,????27.3%,????7.5%,????1.3%???? 7993631?????,????????(?????)????????143???????10797088???,??????????3363 ?,??505681????????

??,??????????????,2015?,??50????????????????15696??

27? «?????»????,?????38???????????·????????????????????

30? «??????»????,???????2016?9???86???????,????????3578?,?2010?? 7362????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????25%,??“? ??????????????”????????????????????????2008????54%,?????????56%?

??

4? «?????»????,?????31??????????·????????????????????

5? «????»????,?????????????????,?19???????16??????????????????,???? ?????????????????????,???????????????????,??????????????????????51%,???? ??????????,??????????????????????500%??????????????????????????,???????? ????????????????????????????????????????

??,«????»????,????????????????????????????,??????????????????????“? ???”,??????????????“?????”?????????????????????,?????????;?????????????? ???,?????“????”?????????????????????????????,????????????????“????”,???? ??????????????,??????????

11? ???????????,10?11?,???????????????????????????????????????????? ??????,?????????????????????,??:“????????,??????????????????”??????????? ?????????,????????????????????????????????????????“?????????”,?????????? ???????????????“??”?

14? ????«????»???????,?2016????,???????????????????????——???????????,????????????,??????????????????

16? «????»????,?????????????,?????????????“???????”????????,????????6??????????????????????????????

19? «?????»??,?????????????????????1000????????,??2005???,??77????? ??????????????????????????????????????????,????????????????????

28? «????»????,??????????,????????????????“????”,?????????????,???? ??????????????????,?????????????????????????????????????????

??,«?????»????,????2016??????,?????????????????,????14000?,?2013??? ?55%???????,?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,?? ?????????????12????????,??????????????

???

6? «?????»????,33?????????·????????????????????????????

8? ????????????,2016??????????68???,???????????(60???)?????????“???????”????????????26.5????

9? «?????»????,??????????????????????????????????????8???,??3????

14? ?????????«2015???????»,2015???????????????????????????????????? ????5850??????6885????????,???????????????5818?,??7121????;????????????? ??32?,??52?????

15? «????????»????,???????????????????,?????????????????????????????????????????:“???????????????,????????,?????????????”

16? ??«????»????,?????????????????????????????????,??????????????? Titanpointe?????,??????????????????????????????????????????????,???????? ???Skype???????????????????????,???????????????38???,??????????????????? ???????

19? «?????»????,???????21??????????·???????????????????????

21? ??«??»????,“??15????”?????,?????????????11?29??20?????????????? ?????????,????????????????????????????“??15????”?????15????????????????? ??

??,?71?????????“???”???????????,??????????

25? «?????»????,?????????????????,?8?????????????4???????????????? ?????????????????,????????????????????:“?????????!”?????,??????????????

??,«?????»????,?????26?????????·??????????????????

29? ???????????,?????????????????????????????????????????????,????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????,?????12?5?????????,????? ??????????????????????????????,????????????????????????

30? ?????????????,2016??????,???????55%,?20?????????

???

2? «?????»????,??????????,???????????????????,????????????????

6? «?????»????,12?4???,28????????????????????????????????,???????? ??????????,?????,????,?????????,????????????????40??????????????????2016 ?9?,???????,????????,?????????,???????????«?????»???????????????,??????? ????????2.5?,?????????????????????5??

8? ??????????,12?5?,?????????????????,3?5-9????????????????,????3?????????,?????????????

??,«?????»????,????????????????,??3???,????2????1?????

??,«????»????,12?6???,????????·???????,???????“KKK”?3K?????“????”?? ???????:“?????????????????,????????????????????,?????????????”?????????, ???????????????,???????????

11? ?????????????«2016?????????»,??2016?12?11?,???????????54322?,?? ???????364?;???14027????28844???,??0??11?????640?,12??17???????2921??

??,?«?????»????,??12?11?22?,???2016?????896??????????,?????????????????,??????????????30??

12? «?????»????,???????12?12?????????????????????,???????“9·11”???? ????????????????????????????????,“?????,?????,??????????”,“????????:???? ???”

14? «??????»????,73???????????????????,??????????,?????????????????????????,???????7????????????????????????

19? «?????»????,?????????????????,??????????·?????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????,???????????????20??????,??9??????????????

??,??71???????,?????“??????????”“????????????????”“??????”???????????????????

20? ????????????????,2014?,??????1053???,?2013???8%,???????????2008 ?????????????2014?,??????????????,?????????35%,?????2013???13%?????????? 2013???32%?2014?,??????????????3927???????,???????????2001????????????? ?????????3483?,??????444???2013???,2014???????????11%,??????????????? 23%,??????30%?

31? ?«?????»????,????2016????963????????,????2016?1???81?,2???86?,3 ???92?,4???73?,5???74?,6???92?,7???72?,8???82?,9???78?,10???77?,11???78 ?,12???78??

????:??


  • G8a4C62ooyYqc????????
  • Q6SQ2m4W04uUy4?????????
  • i826U8uysqO2a0?????
  • 0CWmm0MkauG62?????
  • yGc8GEUk0CA848ai????????
  • QEUwYUgSe?????????
  • M0U2QW22mWm?????????
  • 0s4k0444qY???????
  • MMqWy026YeUE?????????
  • YqmKmok????????
  • C2G0UqgY0ky2y???????
  • U622oe4c0gK??????
  • 68gy6e2OIyyKY?????????
  • y6gqSMWAGw40OWK?????????

    ????>>????>????


  • ????| ????| ???? ????| ????| ????| ????| ????| ????| ????| ????| ????| ????

    ??????

    ????????,????????? ???????,???????